It was not until the late 1980s and early 1990s that cycling and pedestrian priority policies were implemented. Among the factors that contributed to this change was the oil crisis of the 1970s, the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s to oppose the planning of streets to build highways.
Among the new highways for cycling, there is a route between Amsterdam and Amstelveen (a suburb of the capital). Another route connects the town of Groningen with Assen – a city in the province of Drenthe which is known as the “cycling province” of the Netherlands.
In the UK, former Prime Minister David Cameron once said that the country would invest about £ 94 million in upgrading infrastructure and improving traffic safety to attract more people to ride bicycles.
One of the popular methods used by many places is to provide free bikes. As in the Australian city of Adelaide, free bicycles are available in many places for residents and tourists to use.
The city of Birmingham, UK, offers bicycles to low-income people if they agree to use them. Residents of Gothenburg City, Sweden, if they commit to using less personal cars, will be granted free bicycles by the city government.
But increasing the number of vehicles and bicycle users is not enough, it is necessary to have transport infrastructure as well as policies to encourage and use bicycles. Like New York City, USA, thanks to the investment policies for infrastructure in the past few years, bicycle lovers can cycle continuously for 25 miles without any hindrance.
The city of Bristol also applies the same rules on some major routes. The speed restriction will make traffic on the roads safer, convenient for cycling, and walking.
Another rule that is also supported by people, is the day of banning cars, also known as car-free days. Previously, every year in the capital, Paris, France, people would have a day where the 5-mile stretch from Arc de Triomphe to Nation Square would completely ban cars so people could walk or cycle.
Many questions have been raised about whether one year of only one day of car ban, how can one encourage people to cycle. In fact, the experience of the day of banning cars has fascinated Parisians and demanded more days of banning cars. And now Paris has a car ban day once a month.